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What Is COP27?

A summer of extreme weather events has shown that this is now our reality. At COP27, world leaders and activists will search for solutions to avert the climate crisis. Here’s what you need to know about the world’s biggest conference on climate change.

A summer of extreme weather events has shown that this is now our reality. At COP27, world leaders and activists will search for solutions to avert the climate crisis. Here’s what you need to know about the world’s biggest conference on climate change.

From Nov. 6 to 18, world leaders, climate activists and finance and business leaders will be meeting in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt, for COP27, the world’s most important forum on climate change held by the United Nations.

cop27 egypt sanna marin emmanuel macron rishi sunak antonio guterres ngozi okonjo un

COP27 is short for the 27th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, an international environmental treaty signed in 1992.

climate justice cop27 egypt africa
Women from the Masai community take part in a Global Climate Strike organised by Fridays For Future, to demand climate reparations and action from world leaders, at Magadi in Kajiado county in Kenya on March 25, 2022. (Photo by TONY KARUMBA/AFP via Getty Images)

Climate change is supported by credible science and is undeniable.

The UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has warned that global temperatures are set to rise up to 1.5ºC, leading to widespread famine, droughts, loss of ecosystems and more.

COP27 hopes to ensure states meet the Paris Agreement, an international climate treaty signed in 2015, that aims to limit global temperature rise to 1.5˚C.

What’s On The Agenda?

cop27 egypt climate change wildfires
A local resident reacts as he observes a large blaze during an attempt to extinguish forest fires approaching the village of Pefki on Evia (Euboea) island, Greece’s second largest island, on Aug. 8, 2021. (Photo by ANGELOS TZORTZINIS/AFP via Getty Images)

Climate Mitigation

States will discuss more ambitious goals for mitigating climate change by keeping global warming below 2ºC, as well as ways to fulfill their commitments under the Paris Agreement, which aims to help countries adapt to climate change’s effects and mobilize enough finance.

cop27 egypt pakistan floods climate justice
Children shelter from the rain under a plastic sheet in dry ground near their collapsed mud house in a flood affected area after heavy monsoon rainfalls in Jaffarabad district in Pakistan’s Balochistan province on Aug. 25, 2022. (Photo by FIDA HUSSAIN/AFP via Getty Images)

Climate Adaptation

A summer of extreme weather events has shown that this is now our reality. COP27 hopes to push for global progress on ensuring vulnerable communities have the capabilities to adapt to climate change and enhancing their resilience.

cop27 egypt kenya drought
Turkana women carry jerrycans filled with water in the Loiyangalani area where families affected by the prolonged drought are hosted, at Parapul village, in Marsabit, northern Kenya, on July 11, 2022. (Photo by SIMON MAINA/AFP via Getty Images)

Climate Finance

Provide developing countries in Africa, Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Small Island Developing States (SIDS) with easier access to financial assistance that will help them achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement. Rich nations had promised to deliver US$100 billion a year by 2020 at the COP in 2009, which has not happened.

cop27 egypt tuvalu sids pacific island
Suega Apelu, Elsie Rurunteiti and Tina Makiti swim in the lagoon on November 28, 2019 in Funafuti, Tuvalu. The low-lying South Pacific island nation of about 11,000 people has been classified as ‘extremely vulnerable’ to climate change by the United Nations Development Programme. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)

Loss and damage

Loss and damage refers to the harms vulnerable states are already suffering as a result of climate change, such as rising sea levels. For years, wealthier nations have rejected discussing compensation for loss and damage – funding costs that countries can’t avoid or adapt to. This is the first time in years that the topic is on the official agenda.

Egypt And Human Rights Violations

cop27 egypt greta thunberg protest release alaa abdel fattah
Sanaa Seif, sister of Alaa Abd El-Fattah, climate activists Greta Thunberg and Andreas Magnusson, and Mona Seif, sister of Abd El-Fattah, pose for a photograph during at sit-in for jailed British-Egyptian activist Alaa Abd El-Fattah on Oct. 30, 2022 in London, England. (Photo by Hollie Adams/Getty Images)

COP27 has shone a light on Egypt’s alleged human rights abuses, which include torture, unlawful killings and silencing critical voices, according to Amnesty International.

Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg is boycotting the conference in protest, while activists are calling on leaders to confront the government over its alleged abuses, in particular its treatment of political prisoners.

One political prisoner, British-Egyptian pro-democracy activist and blogger Alaa Abdel Fattah, has been on a hunger strike for over 220 days and said he would stop drinking water at the start of COP27, sparking concerns about his health and calls for his immediate release.

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